Three-year-old Mary Ann Jones died of Cholera on this date, July 12th, in 1812 and was buried at Bethel Burying Ground. I could not find any further information on her family, however, historian Gary Nash* had this observation about Gaskill Street.
“Gaskill Street, A narrow street running only three blocks from 2nd to 5th between Cedar and Lombard, had only one black household indicated in the 1793 yellow fever survey, only two listed in the 1795 directory, and only three recorded in the directory of 1811. But five years later 24 black families were spread along Gaskill, 22 of them in the block between third and fourth Street. . . . The 24 black families on Gaskill Street in 1816 lived in a neighborhood formed a nearly perfect cross-section of Philadelphia’s industrious middle and lower classes.”
The Black families on Gaskill street worked as mariners, chimney sweeps, porters, wood sawyers, shopkeepers, sailmakers, harnessmakers, shoemakers, clothes washers and waiters according to census records and city directories.
*Forging Freedom, 171.
Richard (aka Rich) approximately 50 years old, died this date, July 9th, in 1813 of Hydrothorax* and was buried at Bethel Burying Ground. He was an enslaved Black man (“a Negro Slave”) imprisoned by John Stille, a wealthy Philadelphia merchant who was now deceased and so consequently Richard was now “belonging” to the Steele estate.
Between 1790 and 1800, the number of enslaved in Pennsylvania dropped from 3,737 to 1,706. Three years before Richard died (1810) there were 795 and by 1840, 64 bondsmen in the state. By 1850, there were none.* For further reading on the subject, I recommend Forging Freedom by Gary B. Nash.
*Fluid builds up in the chest cavity around the lungs and suffocates the victim. Causes can be from different diseases or heart or liver problems.
Ten-month-old Edward Braddock died this date July 1st, in 1848 of Bronchitis and was buried at Bethel Burying Ground. His father, John, worked as a seaman at the nearby Delaware River docks for $20 a month. His spouse took in washing and ironing to supplement their income. They paid $5 a month for a room or shanty in the rear of 115 Queen Street only three blocks from Bethel Burying Ground.
Tragically the Braddocks lost another child five days later again to Bronchitis. William was only one-month-old. He was likely buried in the same grave as his brother.
The Braddock family lived next to the Weccacoe Fire Company. The red arrow points to the house that the family lived behind. Another neighbor was AME Bishop Morris Brown who lived at 154 Queen Street with his family.